If you have a great interest in security, or if you are already working as a security professional, you first need to search for a Linux distro that suits your purpose. Hacking and Penetration testings are mostly done on Linux distributions.
As of now, there are hundreds of Linux distros available on the internet. Some of them were designed for security and penetration testing. So, in this article, we have decided to share a list of various Linux distributions that focuses on security.
15 Best Linux Distributions For Hacking & Pen Testing in 2020
These Linux distributions offer lots of useful tools for penetration testing, wireless security, forensic, etc. So, let’s explore the list of best Linux distributions for hacking & Pen testing in 2020.
1. BackTrack 5r3
It is one of the best known Linux pentesting distros available out there. BackTrack is usually based on the ever-popular Ubuntu. It is used to be only available within a KDE environment but to the added version Gnome was added with BackTrack v5. The Linux distro can be booted via live CD or flash drive. The distribution is useful for wireless cracking, exploiting, web application assessment, learning.
2. BackBox Linux
Similar to BackTrack, BackBox Linux is an Ubuntu-based distribution designed especially to perform penetration tests and security assessments. It was designed by developers with an idea to make penetration testings as fast as possible. BackBox provides all suspects for Forensic Analysis, Documentation & Reporting, Reverse Engineering with John, Nmap, Social Engineering Tool, etc.
The name clearly defines that it is yet another distro that is based on Ubuntu. It provides lots of useful tools for Information Gathering, Network Mapping, Vulnerability Identification, Penetration, Maintaining Access, radio Network Analysis, Reverse Engineering, etc. So, it’s another best operating system for ethical hacking in 2020.
4. Samurai Web Testing Framework
This is one of a live distro that is pre-configured with some open-source tools that aim only on testing and attacking websites. The Linux distro has been pre-configured to function as a web pen-testing environment. It offers lots of open source and free tools that would help you focus on testing and attacking websites.
5. Knoppix STD
Well, Knoppix STD is based on Debian and was originated in Germany. The architecture of Knoppix StD is i486 and it runs on platforms like GNOME, KDE, LXDE. Basically, It was designed to be used as a live CD and can be installed on a hard disk. The STD stands for Security Tools Distribution. Knoppix provides you a full scenario for cryptography.
This one is based on a security live CD on Gentoo. “Pentoo is Gentoo with the pentoo overlay”. The Linux distro is designed for penetration testing and security assessment. The operating system offers lots of security-focused tools and it can be customized to suit your needs.
This distro is built from Debian Squeeze and uses Fluxbox for its desktop environment. This penetrating distro is meant for Wifi hacking as it contains many wireless tools. Categories of WEAKERTH4N are SQL Hacking, Cisco Exploitation, Password Cracking, Web Hacking, Networking and Shells.
8. Kali Linux
Well, Kali Linux is an Advanced Penetration Testing Linux distribution used for Penetration Testing, Ethical Hacking, and network security assessments. This is one of the best pentesting distros that you will surely love to use. Must try this out as this is the tool packed with lots of hacking tools.
This distro offers you a wide range of penetration and forensic tools. Bugtraq is harder to install but runs as a live DVD or from a USB Drive. If we talk about the tools, Bugtraq offers a wide range of tools in different branches. You would find mobile forensic tools, malware testing tools, audit tools for GSM, wireless tools, etc.
Similar to BackTrack, NodeZero is also an Ubuntu-based distro for pentesting using repositories. The great thing about NodeZero is that it gives you instant access to over 300 penetration testing tools. The operating system also offers lots of default applications like Firefox web browser, F-Spot photo manager, PiTiVi video editor, etc.
Well, Parrot Security Os by Frozenbox’s team is one of the best Linux distribution which you can use for pen testing, computer forensics, and ethical hacking. Compared to all the other listed in the article, Parrot Security OS is very lightweight and it’s highly efficient. With Parrot Security OS, you will get many recognized tools that help to work and surf anonymously.
12. DEFT Linux
Digital Evidence and Forensic Toolkit is the best open-source Linux distro that you can use today. Well, the distro is based on Ubuntu and it comes with lots of tools that are very much useful for pen-testing. The distribution is highly used by ethical hackers because it brings some wide range of tools.
Well, Caine is another security-focused distro which is based on Ubuntu. Caine is also available as a live disk and it also comes with a wide range of tools under the category of forensics, memory, database, and network analysis.
It is one of the best and easy to use Linux distro which you can use today. Well, the operating system is based on Fedora and it’s available as a live CD. The operating system houses some great tools for network traffic sniffing, network packet generation, network/host scanning, and much more.
Well, ArchStrike is previously known as ArchAssault, and its a project based on Arch Linux. The great thing about ArchStrike is that it houses lots of Arch Linux tools and it also brings a wide variety of tools for penetration testing and cybersecurity.
Well, Fedora Security Spin is another best Penetration testing Linux distribution that you can use in 2020. The distribution is specially designed for security auditing and testing. Fedora Security Spin is well-suited for beginners who want to learn security methodologies on information security.
It’s another best security researching and penetration testing distribution which you can use in 2020. BlackArch is built on the top of Arch Linux and it has its own repository. The great thing about BlackArch is that it provides users with tons of tools that can help a lot in penetration testing.
This s a Ubuntu-based Linux distribution on the list which is widely used by security experts and pen-testers. The great thing about Cyborg is that it packs around 700 open-source tools which could help you in exploring mobile security, wireless security, reverse engineering, exploitation, etc.
Security Tool Distribution (STD) is one of the top-rated Penetration testing Linux distro that you can use right now. Guess what? STD packs lots of open-source penetration testing tools. Apart from that, STD can also help you to learn about authentication, encryption, forensics, firewall, honeypots, IDS, etc.
So above are the best Penetration Testing Linux Distributions. I hope this article helped you! Share it with your friends also. If you know any other such operating system, let us know in the comment box below.